As you know, currently income tax returns can be filed for last 2 assessment years. So you could file returns and claim the refund (TDS refund) for last 2 years only.
Now in the latest circular (09/2015), Income tax department has allowed the assessee who has failed to file return and claim Refund according to section 119(2) (B) to make an application and get Refund due up to last 6 Assessment years.
Steps to claim refund for the last 6 years:
1. You need to file an application to the concerned Income tax official as per chart below:
|Monetary Limit||Authority for considering Condonation Application/Claim|
|Up to Rs. 10 Lakhs ( For One Assessment Year)||Principal Commissioner / Commissioner of Income Tax(Pr.CIT/CIT)|
|More than Rs. 10 Lakhs but not more than Rs. 50 Lakhs ( For One Assessment Year)||Principal Chief Commissioner / Chief Commissioner of Income Tax(Pr.CCIT/CCIT)|
|More than Rs. 50 Lakhs||CBDT|
The condonation application can be filed for last 6 assessment years.
2. Application will be accepted or rejected based on following criteria:
- The claim is correct and genuine;
- There is a case of genuine hardship on merits;
- Income is not assessable in the hands of any other person under the Income-tax Act;
- The refund has arisen as a result of excess tax deducted or tax collected at source, advance tax or self-assessment tax.
No interest would be admissible in case of belated claim of refunds
Authorities have been empowered to direct the jurisdictional Tax Officer to make necessary inquiry or scrutiny to ascertain the correctness of the claim.
3. Additional guidelines: · The application should be ideally disposed of by the authorities within six months from the end of the month in which the application was received.
4. For cases involving refund claim pursuant to a Court Order – The time limit of six years to exclude the period for which the proceedings were pending before any Court of Law. In such a case, the condonation application should be filed within six months from the end of the month in which Court order was issued or the end of financial year, whichever being later.
5. Time limit of six years does not apply in the case of tax deducted at source by banks on interest in relation to 8% Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003 at the time of maturity, resulting in mismatch between the year of recognition of income by the taxpayer (on mercantile basis, if any) and tax deducted at source.
The Circular also provides coverage in respect of applications/ claims pending as on the date of issuance of the Circular.
Circular details provided as below
Circular Tax and details is provided bwSECTION 119 OF THE INCOME-TAX ACT, 1961 – INCOME-TAX AUTHORITIES – INSTRUCTIONS TO SUBORDINATE AUTHORITIES – CONDONATION OF DELAY IN FILING REFUND CLAIM AND CLAIM OF CARRY FORWARD LOSSES UNDER SECTION 119(2)(b)
CIRCULAR 9/2015 [F.NO.312/22/2015-OT], DATED 9-6-2015
In supersession of all earlier Instructions/Circulars/Guidelines issued by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (the Board) from time to time to deal with the applications for condonation of delay in filing returns claiming refund and returns claiming carry forward of loss and set-off thereof under section 119(2)(b) of the Income-tax Act, (the Act) the present Circular is being issued containing comprehensive guidelines on the conditions for condonation and the procedure to be followed for deciding such matters.
- The Principal Commissioners of Income-tax/Commissioners of Income-tax (Pr.CsIT/CsIT) shall be vested with the powers of acceptance/rejection of such applications/claims if the amount of such claims is not more than Rs.10 lakhs for any one assessment year. The Principal Chief Commissioners of Income-tax/Chief Commissioners of Income-tax (Pr.CCsIT/CCsIT) shall be vested with the powers of acceptance/rejection of such applications/claims if the amount of such claims exceeds Rs.10 lakhs but is not more than Rs. 50 lakhs for any one assessment year. The applications/claims for amount exceeding Rs.50 lakhs shall be considered by the Board.
- No condonation application for claim of refund/loss shall be entertained beyond six years from the end of the assessment year for which such application/claim is made.This limit of six years shall be applicable to all authorities having powers to condone the delay as per the above prescribed monetary limits, including the Board. A condonation application should be disposed of within six months from the end of the month in which the application is received by the competent authority, as far as possible.
- In a case where refund claim has arisen consequent to a Court order, the period for which any such proceedings were pending before any Court of Law shall be ignored while calculating the said period of six years, provided such condonation application is filed within six months from the end of the month in which the Court order was issued or the end of financial year whichever is later.
- The powers of acceptance/rejection of the application within the monetary limits delegated to the Pr.CCsIT/CCsIT/Pr.CsIT/CsIT in case of such claims will be subject to Following conditions:
|i.||At the time of considering the case under Section 119(2)(b), it shall be ensured that the income/loss declared and/or refund claimed is correct and genuine and also that the case is of genuine hardship on merits.|
|ii.||The Pr.CCIT/CCIT/Pr.CIT/CIT dealing with the case shall be empowered to direct the jurisdictional assessing officer to make necessary inquiries or scrutinize the case in accordance with the provisions of the Act to ascertain the correctness of the claim.|
- A belated application for supplementary claim of refund (claim of additional amount of refund after completion of assessment for the same year) can be admitted for condonation provided other conditions as referred above are fulfilled. The powers of acceptance/rejection within the monetary limits delegated to the Pr.CCsIT/CCsIT/Pr.CsJT/CsIT in case of returns claiming refund and supplementary claim of refund would be subject to the following further conditions:
|i.||The income of the assessee is not assessable in the hands of any other person under any of the provisions of the Act.|
|ii.||No interest will be admissible on belated claim of refunds.|
|iii.||The refund has arisen as a result of excess tax deducted/collected at source and/or excess advance tax payment and/or excess payment of self-assessment tax as per the provisions of the Act.|
- In the case of an applicant who has made investment in 8% Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003 issued by Government of India opting for scheme of cumulative interest on maturity but has accounted interest earned on mercantile basis and the intermediary bank at the time of maturity has deducted tax at source on the entire amount of interest paid without apportioning the accrued interest/TDS, over various financial years involved, the time limit of six years for making such refund claims will not be applicable.
- This circular will cover all such applications/claims for condonation of delay under section 119(2xb) which are pending as on the date of issue of the Circular.
- The Board reserves the power to examine any grievance arising out of an order passed or not passed by the authorities mentioned in para 2 above and issue suitable directions to them for proper implementation of this Circular. However, no review of or appeal against the orders of such authorities would be entertained by the Board.
Important Links – Must Read